The kidneys are a paired organ that performs filtration functions in the human body. The activity of almost all organs and systems depends on their health, therefore even people who have no complaints about problems with the urinary system are recommended to undergo an ultrasound scan of the kidneys from time to time. Sometimes patients, thanks to this procedure, learn about the presence of sand in this organ.
Colonoscopy is a diagnostic procedure performed with an endoscopic instrument with a small camera at the end - a colonoscope. It is inserted into the rectum and slowly moves forward so that the doctor can examine in detail the condition of the intestines. This manipulation allows you to enlighten existing suspicious tumors using ultrasound, as well as take a piece of tissue for a biopsy.
Hepatic insufficiency is a pathology in which liver cells (hepatocytes) do not fully perform their functions, which leads to an increase in intoxication of the body. Pathology develops on the background of numerous factors, and can be fraught with serious consequences, including hepatic coma, liver failure, damage to the central nervous system and brain.
Pancreatonecrosis is a pathological process accompanied by the death of pancreatic tissue. It is a complication of inflammatory lesions of the organ, in particular, acute pancreatitis.Mortality in this disease ranges from 40 to 70%, provided that the treatment was started in a timely manner, and was carried out using modern therapeutic techniques.
Nonspecific ulcerative colitis is inflammation that affects the large intestine, which occurs in a chronic form. The etiology of the disease has not been fully elucidated, but it has been precisely established that with its progression mucosal ulceration occurs. The disease is characterized by periods of exacerbation and remission (attenuation).
Renal colic - a syndrome that occurs due to a violation of the outflow of urine or spasm of the smooth muscles of the ureter. This symptom can occur for many reasons, and, neither adults nor children are immune from it. As a rule, the main provocateurs of renal colic are chronic or acute diseases of the kidneys and urinary system.
Cyst of the pancreas is called pathology, accompanied by the formation of abdominal structures in the paine-mathematics layers of the organ. These tumors contain pancreatic secretion and tissue detritus. In the cavity of the cyst, pancreatic cells gradually die, and in their place fibrous tissues form.
Celiac disease is a pathological deviation in which gluten intolerance is noted by the human body. This is a rather rare phenomenon, occurring in just 1% of the population. Celiac disease is characterized by stool disorders, gastralgia, nausea, etc. The disease is more often diagnosed in childhood, but its development is also possible in adults.
Hepatosis is a hepatic disease characterized by impaired metabolism in hepatocytes. As a result, dystrophic changes in the liver cells begin to develop, which then leads to their replacement by adipose tissues. Fatty hepatosis is a reversible process that can not only be cured, but also prevented.
Gilbert's syndrome is a chronic disease, the main cause of which is a person’s genetic predisposition. During the period of exacerbation of the pathology, an increase in the level of bilirubins in the blood is observed, and jaundice develops simultaneously. The disease does not provoke severe disorders of the liver.
Enterocolitis is an inflammatory process that immediately affects both the small and large intestines. This is one of the most common diseases of the digestive tract, which can lead to the development of atrophic processes in the intestinal mucosa with concomitant disorders of its functioning. When making a diagnosis, pay attention to the localization of the lesion of the pathological process.
Aneurysm of the abdominal aorta is a partial local expansion of the aortic lumen in the peritoneal region, the cause of which may be a congenital anomaly of the structure of the blood vessel walls, or their pathological changes. This pathology leads among all cases of aneurysmal diseases of the blood vessels.
Polyp - a benign neoplasm, which is a consequence of hyperplasia of the mucous membranes. They can affect various internal organs, including the gallbladder. Is such a diagnosis dangerous, and what should be done in a similar situation? Often, polyps in the gallbladder are detected in women over 35 years of age.
Gallstone disease (ICD) is a pathological process, accompanied by the formation of calculus in the gallbladder. The second name of the disease is calculous cholecystitis. Since GCB affects the organ of the digestive tract (gallbladder), it is usually treated by a gastroenterologist. Features of gallstones Concretions are the main manifestation of gallstone disease.
Discomfort, burning sensation, belching with an unpleasant smell and a sour taste in the mouth after eating are those symptoms that can significantly darken the life of each person. Causes of heartburn after eating there is a lot, but one of the most common is the abuse of harmful food products.
Helicobacter pylori is a unique pathogen that is the causative agent of such a dangerous disease as helicobacteriosis. This is a pathology that often affects the stomach, but can also develop in the duodenum. The name of the bacterium was due to the environment in which it lives - the pyloric stomach.
Gastroduodenitis is a different intensity inflammation of the gastric mucosa and duodenal ulcer. What is the difference between gastritis and gastroduodenitis? With gastritis, only the gastric mucosa suffers, but with gastroduodenitis, the pathological process has already stepped beyond its limits, and spread to the mucous layer of the duodenum.
Irritable bowel syndrome is a condition that is defined as a functional bowel disorder that has a biopsychosocial character. The basis of the manifestation of this disease is the interaction of two different mechanisms. This is a psychosocial and sensorimotor dysfunction, characterized by problems with motor activity and visceral sensitivity of the intestine.
Duodenitis - inflammation of the mucous (inner) membrane of the duodenum. The duodenum follows immediately after the stomach - the pylorus separates them - and is the initial section of the human small intestine. The mechanisms of development of duodenitis are not fully understood. As a rule, the inflammatory process in the duodenum develops as a result of the effects on the body of factors that have an irritating and damaging effect on the mucous membrane of the digestive tract or disturbing the relationship between the factors of aggression and the factors protecting the gastroduodenal zone.
Colitis is an inflammation or dystrophic-inflammatory lesion of the colon, leading to mucosal atrophy and organ dysfunction. Pathological processes covering the inner surface of the intestine are localized in all departments (pancolitis) or in some areas (segmental colitis).